sanction


sanction
[[t]sæ̱ŋkʃ(ə)n[/t]]
♦♦
sanctions, sanctioning, sanctioned
1) VERB If someone in authority sanctions an action or practice, they officially approve of it and allow it to be done.

[V n] He may now be ready to sanction the use of force...

[V n] He seemed to be preparing to sanction an increase in public borrowing.

Syn:
N-UNCOUNT: with supp
Sanction is also a noun.

The king could not enact laws without the sanction of Parliament.

2) N-PLURAL: oft N against/on n Sanctions are measures taken by countries to restrict trade and official contact with a country that has broken international law.

The continued abuse of human rights has now led the United States to impose sanctions against the regime...

He expressed his opposition to the lifting of sanctions.

3) N-COUNT A sanction is a severe course of action which is intended to make people obey instructions, customs, or laws.

As an ultimate sanction, they can sell their shares if they disagree with the company's investment policy.

4) VERB If a country or an authority sanctions another country or a person for doing something, it declares that the country or person is guilty of doing it and imposes sanctions on them.

[V n] ...their failure to sanction Japan for butchering whales in violation of international conservation treaties.


English dictionary. 2008.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sanction — [ sɑ̃ksjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XVIIIe; « précepte » XIVe; lat. sanctio, de sancire « prescrire » I ♦ 1 ♦ Hist., dr. Acte par lequel le souverain, le chef du pouvoir exécutif revêt une mesure législative de l approbation qui la rend exécutoire. Pragmatique… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • sanction — sanc·tion 1 / saŋk shən/ n 1: a punitive or coercive measure or action that results from failure to comply with a law, rule, or order a sanction for contempt 2: explicit or official approval 3: an economic or military coercive measure adopted usu …   Law dictionary

  • sanction — sanc‧tion [ˈsæŋkʆn] noun 1. sanctions [plural] ECONOMICS official orders or laws stopping trade, communication etc with another country as a way of forcing political changes: sanctions against • The US imposed tough trade sanctions against Cuba …   Financial and business terms

  • Sanction — • Sanction signifies the authoritative act whereby the legislator gives a law value and binding force for its subjects Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sanction     Sanction      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sanction — Sanc tion, n. [L. sanctio, from sancire, sanctum to render sacred or inviolable, to fix unalterably: cf. F. sanction. See {Saint}.] 1. Solemn or ceremonious ratification; an official act of a superior by which he ratifies and gives validity to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sanction — [n1] authorization acquiescence, allowance, approbation, approval, assent, authority, backing, confirmation, consent, countenance, encouragement, endorsement, fiat, go ahead*, green light*, leave, nod, okay*, permission, permit, ratification,… …   New thesaurus

  • Sanction — Sanc tion, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sanctioned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Sanctioning}.] To give sanction to; to ratify; to confirm; to approve. [1913 Webster] Would have counseled, or even sanctioned, such perilous experiments. De Quincey. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sanction — sanction, social sanction Any means by which conformity to socially approved standards is enforced. Sanctions can be positive (rewarding behaviour that conforms to wider expectations) or negative (punishing the various forms of deviance); and… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • sanction — ► NOUN 1) a threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule. 2) (sanctions) measures taken by a state to coerce another to conform to an international agreement or norms of conduct. 3) official permission or approval. ► VERB 1) give official… …   English terms dictionary

  • sanction — [saŋk′shən] n. [< Fr or L: Fr < L sanctio < sanctus: see SAINT] 1. the act of a recognized authority confirming or ratifying an action; authorized approval or permission 2. support; encouragement; approval 3. something that gives binding …   English World dictionary

  • Sanction — (v. lat.), die feierliche Bestätigung eines Beschlusses, Gesetzes, Vertrags, wodurch dieselben für heilig u. unverletzlich erklärt werden. Oft heißt ein solcher Vertrag selbst S., wie z.B. die Pragmatische S. (s.d.). Daher Sanctioniren, ein… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon